Policewoman directing traffic at an intersection of Marrakech. Various public and social responsibility positions in the country have seen a rise in women's participation. Although there has been an increase in this direction, it remains high youth unemployment (9.9%, of which 27.2% women) in Morocco, especially among the higher educated young people.
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The history of women in Morocco encases the realities daughters of female participation and inclusion in social and economic processes, supported by the young King Mohammed VI policy. Independent since 1956, Morocco has been a land of strong internal changes expressed mainly in so- called “Arabian Springs” of 2011.
Although gender equality is still far, the feminine universe has consolidated his rise in the public and politic life of the country. In 2004, with the change of Mudawana (the code of family right), the former French protectorate, has taken a key step toward to a greater expression of women in Moroccan society. This socio / cultural process, began with the increase in the minimum age for marriage at eighteen, the abolition of marital authority and the right to have separation of property for spouses.
The new institutional and legal provision’s goal is to promote the status of women; allowing them to be more present in the Parliamentary institution through the opportunity to apply to municipal and legislative elections.
Marrakech, one of the largest cities in the country, still has places full of poverty and deep-rooted prostitution. This condition, which coexists with the emancipation supported by those women who actively participate in this progress. Numerous associations in the area provide space and cultural activities to cultivate ideas and awareness of being woman.
The photographs were taken in Marrakech, in May of 2016.
About the authors:
Born in 1988, Michele Cirillo is a photojournalist and professor of photography in Rome interested in the use of photography as a tool to tell stories from around the world. He traveled in countries like Mexico, Ecuador, Tanzania, Kurdistan, Turkey, Bosnia and PalesHne to document different cultures, ethnic group, and geopolitcal reality.
Martina Martelloni was born in Rome in the summer of 1989, departure city to any other trip. Several stays abroad, both for study and work. A master’s degree in International Relations and an postgraduate Master in Geopolitics feed the curiosity and desire to learn about different realities, told in both arHcles and with camera and microphone. Currently, she works as a video reporter for the news, in her free Hme, she tries to leave and find new stories.
A woman walking the central streets of Marrakech. Behind her, a graffi: of red roses painted on an old building.
Jemaa el Fna. A man and a woman in a common meeting place of Marrakech, where every day several vendors sell goods of all kinds.
A woman entering into the association “El Amane pour le femme et l’enfant”. Established in the early twenty-first century, this non-governmental organization organizes work, study and leisure for the social development of women.
On the streets of Marrakech, a young woman on a scooter. The possibility for women to drive a private vehicle it’s not allowed in all Islamic countries.
Two women outside Medina’s walls.
The liKle girl with pink veil holding the hand of his younger brother. The grandmother looks at them from the bench. The birth rate in Morocco is 22.7%, the infant mortality rate to 6.3%. The annual growth rate of the population over the last five years is stable at 1.4%.
A view of Marrakech from one of the many red bricks terraces that characterize the city.
Two women and a child walk away after doing some shopping at the Marrakesh market.
A road made busy by the many scooters that roam around the city. Many citizen choose these vehicles to move around the city. Scooters are used even to accompany children to school. Education is compulsory between 7 and 13 years of age.
Some children coming back home from a school in Medina. Very often, women in Morocco walk in pairs or in groups, sharing together the various daily activities to be carried out in the city.
A woman covered by a burqa walks on a street in Marrakech. In Morocco, the population is predominantly Muslim (Sunni 97%, Sciiti 2%).
A woman asks for directions from a man on the roadside.
A sign in French advertises a Marrakech beauty center for the care of female beauty.
In the garden of the Royal Palace in Marrakech, a soldier reads his book sitting in a fountain without water. The emancipation of women is a process that cannot fail to be accompanied by a greater awareness and sensitization of men.
Halima Oulami, the director of the center “El Amane pour le femme et l’enfant.”
Sewing machines in the room where a sewing class is held for aspiring seamstresses at the association “El Amane pour le femme et l’enfant.”
A pair of women browse magazines from a kiosk in the city. Although recent years has increased the literacy rate, there are however disadvantages for women in education, social participation and in the life of the couple.
A poster on violence against women hanging at the Association “El Amane pour le femme et l’enfant”.
A woman waiting at a gas station.
Policewoman directing traffic at an intersection of Marrakech. Various public and social responsibility positions in the country have seen a rise in women’s participation. Although there has been an increase in this direction, it remains high youth unemployment (9.9%, of which 27.2% women) in Morocco, especially among the higher educated young people.
Oumaima Mhijir, head of communications at the Amal restaurant. The Amal Women’s Training Center & Moroccan Restaurant, is a real company in Morocco. The activity is the brainchild of Nora Fitzgerald, to teach disadvantaged women a trade that gives them social and human redemption. Amal, many women learn to cook, to handle restaurant rooms and customers and to be an active part of society.
A French lesson in one of the rooms used as a class in Amal restaurant.
A woman walks among the many markets in the city.
A woman waiting on the street corner in a busy intersection in Marrakech.
Two friends in the reading room of the Association “El Amane pour le femme et l’enfant”.
Shadows and lights in a street of Marrakesh. Two women pass next to a seller of scarves and veils.
A girl walking alone among the shops open late in the evening. Among the products on sale, many products are western import. Foreign trade is particularly active with Spain, followed by France, Brazil and Italy.
The jewel’s light attracts the attention of two women at the window of one of the many shops.
The evening meeting in the Jemaa el Fna.
Graffiti of a woman’s face with a chador, on a wall hidden by lanterns and trees in a small square in Marrakech.